In Italy, there are 2 kinds of patents.
First, the "MODELO ORNAMENTALE":
The model or ornamental design patent protects the invention to a known object that gives "a special ornament (design objects), both in shape and for a particular combination of lines or colors." The ornamental design must be distinguished from the work of art protected by copyright. The patent office does not make a prior examination of the shapes and objects deposited, although it is important to attachdrawings or photos of excellent quality. However there must also meet the requirements of patentability as in other patents. This document is only the form ofprotection as well as it gives no idea that it is based. The ornamental design is a useful tool in the design, furnishing, jewelery, leather goods, in all those sectors oftheir success on the playing lines, the study of new models. The law allows you to filea single application with up to 100 variants of the same model, so, paying a little morein taxes, you may be able to protect its own project in all its possible variations.Unfortunately little is used to this type of protection, and to pay the damages are the companies that pay handsomely for the work of the designers and then they see theircounterfeit products, without any act swiftly against them. The ornamental design after the entry into force of the new law, has a duration of 25 years. To obtain a patent forornamental design, prepare the necessary documentation and pay the required fees.Please note that For models ornamental taxes can be divided into three five-year periods. Regulations: R.D. No 25.08.1940 1411.
And Second: the "MODELO DI UTILITA":
The patent for utility model is a type of protection is not recognized in all Member States, as many of them accept only the distinction between invention and Ornamental Model. The utility model, is in the form of a new industrial product, which gives the product a "special effectiveness or ease of application or employment." The difference between the utility model and invention (invention product) has been entrusted to a qualitative criterion (which sees the model as a "small inventions"). The difficulty to draw a clear line between invention and utility model creates a delicate problem of qualifying the inventor of the invention, at the time of application. On it you are talking a lot and was also produced a Green Paper from the Commission of European Communities of 19 July 1995 to try to unify the discipline. The utility model is normally granted in those states that provide for a substantive examination for inventions and is thus easier to obtain but also more difficult to protect, lasts 10 years, and is not renewable. The utility model is used to protect those objects (not processes) that represent a modification of existing objects that will increase the usefulness or ease of use in the object itself. By adopting it also protects the form of a product, which has its own specific features. Even in the utility model must be satisfied the requirements of novelty and industrial applicability intrinsic and extrinsic characteristic of the invention, but here the degree of innovation required may be lower even if the creative contribution and usefulness of the solution must necessarily be. Often choose between invention and utility model is not easy, and for this reason the law provides the opportunity to perform what is called a "dual filing" (Article 4 RD 25.08.1940 No 1411), or a deposit of contemporary same as an invention patent application is that as a utility model, letting the Italian Office of Patents and Trademarks to choose between one and the other solution. To obtain a utility model is necessary to prepare the necessary documentation and pay the required fees. Regulations: R.D. No 25.08.1940 1411.